Preposition –


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A preposition is a word which expresses relationship of a noun or a pronoun to other words of the sentence.

A preposition is used before a noun or pronoun to show the relationship of the same noun or pronoun to
other words of the sentence.

e.g. ‘in, of, to, at, by, for, with, under, above, into, onto, upon, about, behind, beside, before, after,
towards, inside, outside, below, around’ are commonly used examples of prepositions.

Words of the sentence (i.e. subject, verb)                                Preposition                                Noun or Pronoun
He was sitting                                                                                      on                                                   a table.
She is going                                                                                           to                                                    college.
There is a cat                                                                                         under                                           the bed.
They are dancing                                                                                 in                                                   the room.
He was drawing a picture                                                               on                                                  a wall.
His family lives                                                                                     in                                                  America.
She was knocking                                                                               at                                                  the door.
She is throwing stones                                                                      into                                              a river.
The students were discussing                                                        about                                           the exam.
The meeting was held                                                                        on                                                 25th December.
They will come here                                                                            in                                                 July.
The party willstart                                                                               at                                                  8 P.M
He goes to factory                                                                               by                                                 bus.
The lock cannot be opened                                                             with                                            the key.
This book has been written                                                             by                                               John Keats.
The guests were invited                                                                    by                                                her.

In the above examples, all the prepositions express relationship of a noun or a pronoun ot the other words of
the sentence.

Different preposition are used for time, place, direction, agent, device and so on. Some of the examples are
Preposition for time e.g. in, on, at, etc.
Preposition for place e.g. in, on, at, etc
Preposition for direction e.g. to, towards, into, through etc.
Preposition for agent e.g. by
Preposition for device, instrument or machines. e.g. on, by, with, etc.

What is a Prepositional Phrase?
A preposition phrase, in a sentence, is a group of words consisting of a preposition and a noun.
It is a group of a preposition, a noun and other linked word within a sentence. The noun in a prepositional
phrase is called object of the preposition.
e.g. on a table, on a paper, in a room, at the door, into a river.

In the following examples, the underlined words are prepositional phrases.
He was sitting on a table.
She is writing on a paper.
Kids were dancing in a room.
He is throwing ball into the river.
Someone is knocking at the door.

What is Dependent Preposition?

Some prepositions are always used after a specific verb in a sentence to complement the sense of the verb.

Such a preposition is called a dependent preposition.
Example: She was waiting for her mother.

The preposition ‘for’ is a dependent preposition for the verb ‘wait’.

Read the following examples to understand.
She is suffering from high fever.
The patient died of cancer.
He provided me with some information about the topic.
I agree with you.
I agree to your proposal.
He had to prepare for the exam.

Note. The group of verb and preposition, within a sentence, is called prepositional verb. e.g. suffering from,
provide with, agree with.

Read: Types of Preposition “Preposition for Time, Place, Direction, Agent, and Instrument”

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