All and Whole

word order

All (of) and a whole can both be used with singular nouns to mean ‘complete’,
‘every part of’. The word order is different.
all (of) + determiner + noun
determiner
+ whole +
noun
– ]ulie spent all (of) the summer at home.
]ulie spent the whole summer at home.
– all (of) my life
my whole life

indefinite reference

All is not generally used before indefinite articles.
She’s eaten a whole loaf (NOT … all a loaf)

uncountable nouns

With most uncountable nouns we prefer all (of).
I’ve drunk all (of) the milk.
(NOT … the whole milk.)

the whole of

Instead of the whole, we can generally use the whole of
]ulie spent the whole of the summer at home.
the whole of my life
Before proper nouns (names) and pronouns, we always use the whole of, not whole. All (of) is also possible.
The whole of / All of Venice was underwater. (NOT Whole Venice … )
I’ve just read the whole of / all of ‘War and Peace’.
I’ve read the whole of / all of it.

plural nouns

With plural nouns, all and whole have different meanings. All is like every;
whole
means ‘complete’, ‘entire’.

Compare:
All Indian tribes suffered from a white settlement in America. (= Every Indian tribe suffered … )
Whole Indian tribes were killed off. (= Complete tribes were killed off;
nobody was left alive in these tribes.)

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