Comparison (1)

Various words and structures can be used for comparing.

1. Similarity and identity: as, like, so do I, too, the same, etc

If we want to say that people, things, actions or events are similar, we can use as or like, so/ neither do I and similar structures or adverbs
such as
too, also and as well . To say that they are identical, we can use
the same (as).

  • He liked working with horses, as his father did.
  • Your sister looks just like you.
  • She likes music,  and so do
  • The papers were late and the post was too.
  • His eyes are just the same colour as mine.

2. equality: as … as

To say that people, things etc are equal in a particular way, we often use the
structure
as (much/ many) … as

  • My hands were as cold as ice. I earn as much money as you.

3. inequality: more … than; older … than; most, oldest, etc

To say that people, things etc are unequal in a particular way, we can use
comparative adjectives and adverbs, or
more + adjective/adverb 

  • He’s much older than her. The baby’s more attractive than you.

To say which one of a group is outstanding in a particular way, we can use a
superlative or
most + adjective/adverb 

  • You’re the laziest and most annoying person in the whole office.

4. inequality: less, least; not so/as … as

We can also talk about inequality by looking at the ‘lower‘ end of the scale.

  • One possibility is to use less (than)
  • The baby’s less ugly than you.
  • I want to spend the least possible time working.

In informal usage, we more often use not so … as or not as … as

  • The baby’s not so ugly as you.
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